By British Council in Azerbaijan

08 October 2021 - 19:15

gullu huseyn cop 26 climasel destination zero
When I was a second-year student, I participated in a science conference about the over-consumption of our energy resources and its environmental consequences. I was so impressed and started out my project by doing research into sustainable energy consumption straight away.

Güllü Hüseyn, a young Azerbaijani engineer and the global winner of our #DestinationZero competition, shares her story about how she started researching and producing temperature-regulating panels to fight against the climate change.

Güllü is producing energy efficient, temperature-regulating wall and ceiling panels. Her Climasel panels are made from phase change material (PCM). On a hot day these panels absorb the heat in a room and decrease the temperature. They then release the heat at night, when the temperature drops. Air-conditioning is a major contributor to energy consumption. Güllü's panels reduce the use of energy consumption for air conditioning by 25%.

How I came up with the idea

When I was a second-year student, I participated in the science conference about the environmental issues, mainly our over-consumption of energy and its consequences. I was super impressed and started to do research into energy consumption and sustainable solutions. I found out that residential buildings are responsible for a major part of the energy consumption, especially due to the air-conditioning systems. I was so surprised by the results and focused all my energies on finding a solution.

Ultimately, I found out the heat storage capacity of the phase change material (PCM) and figured out that we can utilise it.

I knew that Elmar, a project manager at the Baku Higher Oil School, is already experienced and informed about the material, so I contacted him directly and we started this project together. We have since taken part in bootcamps, workshops, and studied the basic marketing and business strategies to support our project. Finally, we created a small working prototype and entered the startup "ecosystem" by participating in various national and international competitions.

Starting with the problem

A significant portion of our daily energy consumption is produced by the residential buildings, to provide thermal comfort for its many occupants. Energy that is consumed by the conventional air conditioning is increasing substantially around the globe. Several research papers demonstrate that residential and commercial buildings produce 32% of the total of the greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. This is increased substantially when the emissions from electricity end-use are also included, e.g., heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; lighting; and appliances.

My solution

Our product minimises the demand for cooling energy, and shifts the peak-time cooling load to off-peak time, without compromising the comfortable conditions indoors. By using the Climasel panels, the building is protected from the excess heat in warm climates, and reduces the heat escaping the buildings in cold climates. Implementation of this project will decrease the overall energy consumption by the commercial and residential buildings, and the CO2 emissions overall.

How it works

My business offers energy-efficient panels for the interior of the residential and office buildings. We use the chemical substance – phase change material (PCM), which regulates room temperature. In the summer, on a hot day, PCM in the Climasel panel melts and absorbs the heat from within the room. At night, when temperature drops, PCM inside the panels solidifies and releases the heat that was already absorbed in the daytime. This process can be replicated day-in, day-out. Temperature values at which the panels absorb and release the heat can be modified, based on the amount of chemical used, and the climate conditions outside. Besides, as we use the microencapsulated PCM, no leakage will occur while it is melting. The Climasel panels can prevent buildings and customers from using traditional air-conditioners for at least 5-6 hours per a day. Thus, the electricity consumption and the expenses of running air conditioners are reduced by about 25%.

About my team

I am a final-year Chemical Engineering student at Baku Higher Oil School (BHOS). Currently, I am also a process-analyzing intern at the SOCAR Polymer. I was also a Young European Ambassador in EU Eastern Partnership for two years. Additionally, I have four small scientific publications about CO2 capturing, biofuel, and other environmental topics. My teammate is Elmar Asgarzada, a project manager at the Baku Higher Oil School Innovation and Research Center.

Photo credit (c) EU Neighbours East

See also