Lifelong learning by adults with disabilities is a very complicated issue in Kazakhstan. The concept requires establishing a culture which encourages learning throughout life, which is new for Kazakhstan. Until recently, it was common for people to focus solely on learning just once, at university, which would provide education for the whole of a person’s professional life.
Following independence from the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan embarked on the process of globalisation, which brought new challenges to its people and policy makers. Democratic principles encountered underrepresented people, such as people with disabilities. Interaction between people and the government raised issues that were not given a voice before. Such issues included the future employment and employability of low qualified citizens who required training or retraining.
The TVET system in Kazakhstan now aims to facilitate adult educational opportunities, but in order to achieve this a framework and research are needed. Until now, little research has been conducted in relation to vocational education training in Kazakhstan, especially from the perspective of inclusive education for adults. As an agent of change, TVET needs to facilitate meaningful lifelong learning for adults with disabilities in order to encourage employment and competitiveness in the labour market for its students after graduation.